The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1970 was won by Paul Samuelson:
Samuelson's work was so multi-faceted that even the reason for having given him the prize is general ("...actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science.").
Paul Samuelson Quick Bio:
Paul Samuelson's Nobel Prize win was a relevant one in many regards:
1) He was the first American to win the Nobel Prize in Economics - paving the way for many fellow citizens to come.
2) As a mathematical economist, his contributions to economic analysis and its sophistication were pervasive and permanent - bringing in an era of applied economics, where economic theory was complemented and either validated or updated through rigorous examination.
His contributions included (from Wikipedia):
- Neoclassical Synthesis: Translating John Maynard Keyne's theory into the Economics Curriculum Core Studies we all know and love: Neoclassical Economics
- Mathematical Economics: further allowing Economists to back up claims made through clear and comprehensible economic models, that explain quantitative relationships between variables, that in turn, result in a set of significant assumptions and consequences
- Economic Methodology
- Revealed preference: a concept first introduced by Samuelson.
- International Trade
- Economic Growth
- Public Goods
After having checked out the nobelprize.org website, and read a little more about Samuelson, I realized how important it was to understand the whole picture before jumping to conclusions about the why and how regarding his prize. I took a look at his lecture and banquet speech - in order to get the full picture behind his nobel prize win. Having remembered my previous post, I quickly looked up the 1969 winners to take a quick peek at both Frisch's and Tinbergen's lectures as well.
I was taken aback at their collective genius - not surprisingly, they all summarized their academic findings, the theory behind their reasoning, and the different applications of their methods, models and economic concepts in an all-encompassing way...subtly and very casually explaining their body of work and what led up to it. All these lectures are equally stupendous and very revealing, concerning the men that gave them and the greatness behind them.
Paul Samuelson's lecture starts by mentioning how Economics is more than an Academic afterthought - that its relevance in his lifetime was stronger than ever, and that its practical application (e.g. as "managerial economics") is a reality today, more so than ever before. Note that "today" then was 1970.
A tangent I will look to take soon is to delve deeper into the different economic concepts that can be linked to business, management, finance and other economic fields and subfields which have practical applications for those of us that look to go beyond the academic. I will leave that for a future post.
Two phrases in the lecture that struck me as interesting and relevant to the analytical path Economics was taking at the time...
"A good explanation is a simple one that is easy to remember and one which fits a great variety of the observable facts."
"The scientist who formulates laws of observed empirical phenomena is essentially an economist or economizer."
In other words, the observational empirical-led and data-driven analytical approach can lead to thorough economic analysis.
An Economist, in essence, to Samuelson was a Maximizer - a person or entity that made the most of what he was able to given the resources available to him.
In his Banquet Speech, he very eloquently gave advice on "how to get a Nobel Prize":
The requirements (in summary):
1) Have great teachers
2) Have been blessed with great colleagues, collaborators and fellow students
3) Have great students
4) Read the works of the great masters
Anyone can attest to the fact that these 5 points can certainly apply to what leads to success in realms outside of Economics. Learning to properly observe and analyze, as Samuelson certainly did, can only help.
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